Landscape Consultants HQ


Join Landscape Consultants HQ for our newsletter with professional landscaping advice. You can opt out at any time.



sulfer butterfly on pineapple sageAdd Color to Your Life

Sometimes, it’s the little things that make all the difference!

Your landscape is installed. All the trees and shrubs are in place. The walkways and furniture are there. Now, for the fun part!  You can stop right now and enjoy your new outdoor space, or punch up the volume and appearance with flowers. Follow these mentoring tips to get the look that matches what you see in the catalogs and magazines.

  our email list for more tips and guidance. 

Professional results don’t come easily, so make your efforts worthwhile. You’ll end up spending about the same amount of money doing things the right way as you would the wrong way.  Read on to find out which flowers work best in the landscape for professional-level landscape planting plans for public, commercial, industrial, and high-end residential sites.

Let’s get started. Let me know the look you are trying to achieve, and your great ideas for what works best for you.  Here’s a link soon to the soon-to-be published draft version 0.0 of a new Advanced Guide to Flowers, based on years of experience working with the pros and evaluation of thousands of landscape projects. 

Flower Arrangement Style

Choosing Your Floral Style

fLower arrangement style, floral styleYou’ve selected your vase or container, secured the Oasis® or frog, purchased and gathered flowers and greenery, and conditioned the plant material. Now you can finally start arranging!

There were distinct periods of floral style throughout history—some related to geography and some to dates. A French arrangement might be open and airy, but always graceful. A Georgian design would be dignified and formal, with larger blooms around the base and a tight outline. A Dutch-Flemish design had large flowers near the top of an oval shape. Victorian designs were heavy and wide, with lots of ornament on the vase. Weeping and trailing plants with specific, sentimental or romantic meaning were common in Victorian times. Each era of design provided a distinctive way to express the beauty of flowers.

In the twentieth century traditional and abstract arrangements followed the current art styles of the day, swinging wildly from simple, radial construction to avant-garde assemblages. Modern creative styles are fun to create and view, but tend to be used in practice for commercial and corporate situations, and less in everyday homes and businesses. Traditional mass and line-mass flower arrangements will always be popular, and continue to be the most marketable style for most customers.

The common factor in great floral arrangements through the ages is the careful use of appropriate design principles. Spatial balance, color harmony, proper proportion and scale, interesting voids, depth and form, textural contrast, and rhythm make an arrangement pretty. Study your design as you build it. Try to have some logic and purpose to each flower stem placement. Carefully compose each sprig and stem for aesthetic appeal. If you are new to the concept of design principals, you can find lots of help online. Don’t get bogged down by terminology. Different design disciplines will use unique labels for each design principle. Read and research to find the answer to the simple question, “How can I make my design pretty?” The best designs are created when you let your mind invent new ideas. Never feel obligated to follow a specific design style or rule. Design principles are tools, not rules.

Garden Clippers

Landscape Secateurs

garden clippers, landscape secateursIf you own no other tool, buy a good pair of clippers/pruners. The British call them secateurs, a fancy word for cutters. Pruners are used for everything! Choose a pair that fit your hand, that can bite through woody stems easily, and that spring open with a heavy-duty spring mechanism after each cut. My favorite is the orange pair at two-0-clock (in the image above). They cost me eight dollars. I bought them at a wholesale florist supply house. As you can see from the picture, I am a bit of a clipper nut—and these are only the ones that survived my abuse! When I find a pair I like, I buy at least five more. The orange pair at ten-O-clock used to be my favorite, and I have purchased replacements for them at least ten times. Unfortunately, the spring mechanism breaks after a few hour’s use. They cost one dollar. They gave my hand a great feel when deadheading flowers. How a pair of pruners feels in your hand is very important! Try out the different styles before buying. If you become a professional in the landscape industry, you will be using pruners almost every single day. Professional landscape maintenance crews tend to like Felco bypass pruners. Bypass pruners act like scissors for a cleaner cut without crushing the pruned branches. Anvil pruners are good for larger branches and have a sharp blade press against a flat chopping blade. They are the brute force tool for cutting branches. Hand clippers/pruners mold and shape your garden in the same way as a paintbrush produces a painting. 

Super-hero Sedum Autumn Joy

A Perennial for the Landscape

new growth on sedum autumn joynew blooms on sedum autumn joysummer sedum autumn joysedum autumn joy after frost

There are a very few perennials that can be used successfully in a commercial landscape setting, and Sedum spectabile ‘Autumn Joy’ is one of them. The current botanical name is listed as Hylotelephium telephium, but have never seen it used in the trade. Sedum x ‘Autumn Joy’ will do just fine, unless you are a botanist. Autumn Joy Sedum can perform almost as well as any woody ornamental ground cover. The reason it is successful is because it transforms every season.

The Persistence of Perennials

Faithful, but not Foolproof

perennials, how long do perennials live

Perennials provide a sense of time and place to a landscape. It is wonderful to see familiar color return each year. Nature’s clock uses flower blooms instead of numbers to display progress through the seasons. The Iris and Baptisia tell us spring is here. The Daylilies and Coreopsis announce mid-summer. The Joe Pye Weed and Goldenrod tell us the children will be going back to school. Year after year, perennials choreograph their burst of color.

Perennials come back each year, at least for a while. Some are more faithful than others. Some are just reliable, self-seeding annuals. Some will come back, but only if you divide them every few years. Some are perennial, but only if the outdoor temperature stays above freezing. Don’t be fooled by the perennial sales pitch. You can count on a perennial living a year or two longer than an annual, but after that, the return each spring is dependent on the species. Perennial is a relative term.

Most perennials go dormant sometime during the year. Perennials are herbaceous plants with soft, tender, watery stems that cannot withstand freezing. During winter months, their foliage will either disappear or dry up and become debris, harboring pests. Bare ground will be an invitation for volunteer weeds, so in winter perennial beds require a cover crop, compatible succession planting with cold-season plants, or a thick layer of mulch. When designing a garden, you will need to anticipate months with bare ground and plan for annual maintenance requirements as the growing season begins and ends.

Plains Coreopsis Is the Ultimate Wildflower

Plains Coreopsis Will Not Be Tamed

plains coreopsis, wildflowers

Plains Coreopsis is a reseeding annual. Seeds that fall to the bare ground in the early fall germinate into low rosettes. They stay there all winter, waiting for warm weather in early summer, when they suddenly sprout into four-foot-tall, delicate, airy plants. The new blooms start out as tiny orbs at the tips of the fine-textured foliage, and soon pop out in cheerful circles of bright color. Most have maroon eyes set inside yellow edges, but this can vary. Occasionally, a plant will be solid maroon or solid yellow, depending on the amount of bleed between the two colors. By mid-July the flowers have set seed, and hold their small, round seed heads until fall. Plains Coreopsis has a life cycle that starts in fall, rather than spring, like a typical warm-season annual.

When sowing seeds, be sure the ground is bare. Plains Coreopsis likes to start with a clean slate. If you let Plains Coreopsis reseed on its own, it will locate randomly, scattered in spots not covered by other growth. It likes newly disturbed areas more than established, static plots, so it will never behave in a typical ornamental perennial bed. The stems are so long and thin, it tends to droop badly with the weight of its open blooms, so it will need staking if you want to prevent it flopping to the ground. Bending over to gently drop seed is its way of moving to good soil where it can germinate on bare ground. The seeds don’t need to be buried in soil. They are content to sprout from empty ground. They will self-seed for a few years, declining in numbers unless you provide them with new spots and a change of scenery. Each fall I gather several dried plants full of seed heads and scatter them in various open, sunny spots, hoping they will choose to germinate in at least one or two areas.

Flower Shows

Experiences from an Industry Insider

flower show tips

Flower show are competitive events for displaying floral design, garden design, and horticultural specimens. The National Council on State Garden Clubs continues to be the standard guide for local flower shows. Horticultural society flower shows have regional events with large participation and attendance. The larger shows provide a venue for commercial entities and organizations to create large display gardens. Two well-known flower shows are The RHS Chelsea in Chelsea, London and The PHS Philadelphia Flower Show, in the U.S., both sponsored by horticultural societies. These huge shows require corporate sponsorship and vast venues. They are difficult to stage and finance, and like trade shows, are being superseded by online marketing. A more typical, local flower show is run, top to bottom, by volunteers interested in the thrill of garden design and plant material.

I’ve participated in a few large-scale flower show displays. They showcase green industry design professionals’ abilities and promote new business, promote floral and landscape companies, and provide valuable educational displays. The image above shows the setup and preparation for a display of hundreds of forced daffodils in bloom. The exhibit was built to promote the purchase of wildflower tags to fund the planting of new daffodil plots. It was fun to construct and quite beautiful for the brief moments it was in place. For large-scale flower shows, everything must be set up and taken down within a few days. You need trucks, a crew of heavy-lifters, access to large props, and masses of plant material. After creating a few displays, I have to say, the process not enjoyable, unless you really love to show off. The real fun is in the competitions and seeing the display gardens built by other groups.

Church Floral Decorations

Respectful Creativity

church floral arrangments, church decorations, altar guildDecorating a church service is a careful, respectful process. Before doing anything, you should contact the local Altar Guild to check on specific requirements. Arrangements for the altar require a reservation. There may be height and width restrictions. There may be special, water-proof coverings required. There may be special restrictions on how and where you can place floral decoration. You may not be allowed to hang arrangements on the edges of pews or in windows. There will almost surely be restrictions against using nails or glue to affix items to the structures in the sanctuary! Don’t assume anything.

Most churches frown on the use of artificial material. There are practical reasons Christmas wreaths and garlands must be artificial, since they will be on display from late November to early December, but even when artificial greenery is allowed in certain areas, it may not be in all. Many churches do not allow artificial, taped music, much less silk flowers. Typically, anything beyond the altar rail must be live of dried, real plant material—no plastic!

Lighting and candles can get tricky, too. Most altar guild members have stories to tell about damaged caused by candle wax or flames. The simple act of blowing out a candle can cause molten wax to spew across priceless furniture and expensive fabric. If you plan on using candles or electrical receptacles, check first with the altar guild, and be prepared to explain how you will protect items nearby.

Advent Wreaths

Live Materials Only

advent wreath, advent wreaths

Creating an advent wreath that will last through five worship services over several weeks can be a challenge. An advent wreath has four candles around the perimeter, one for each Sunday in the advent season. A large, central candle is lit on Christmas day. The central candle is white. The four other candles can be purple or blue. Often, the third candle, representing joy, is pink. Typically, the wreath materials beyond the altar rail should be only live greenery, live flowers, or dried material. Because the wreath is used for over a month, the greenery and flowers in the wreath will need to be watered and sometimes replaced as they fade with time.

Halloween Decorations


Halloween decorations, holiday yardsMy neighbor goes over-the-top with his Halloween decorations. He does such a good job, adjacent homeowners get a bit nervous! The all-out, outdoor display includes a large cemetery, Frankenstein, Dracula, Witches, Werewolves, Zombies, and Children of the Corn, all life-size in carefully authentic depiction of horror. People drive from far and wide to slowly cruise past the elaborate, “dead-like” light display, complete with dancing skeletons in the windows and singing pumpkins. My neighbor passes out free candy and collects money for his favorite charity each Oct 31st.